Propósito: Apresentar o conto e explorá-lo junto com a turma.
Expectativa: Que os alunos entendam os elementos que compõem o conto, o contexto em que foi escrito e consigam fazer uma leitura geral do texto
Imagem retirada do Youtube.
Esta atividade tem o tempo de 15-20 minutos. Imprima o conto “The otters and the wolf” e faça cópias para os alunos. Antes de começar a ler o texto, mostre o slide e indague aos alunos: What characteristics of the fable can you see in the title? Os alunos devem responder: The animals. Pergunte aos alunos: What animals are in the story? Os alunos responderão: Two otters and a wolf.
Apresente o vocabulário mais complicado (que pode ser impresso aqui). Você pode entregar cópias para os alunos ou fixá-lo no quadro ou mural para os alunos. Faça a leitura compartilhada com a turma, ou seja: pare a leitura ao final das frases, ou parágrafos, e cheque com os alunos se estão conseguindo acompanhar a leitura. Segue abaixo uma sugestão de roteiro de leitura (as perguntas estão em tópicos com as respectivas respostas):
The otters and the wolf
One day a she-wolf had a craving to eat fresh fish-meat. The wolf did not know how to swim, but still he went down to the river, hoping to get some fish-meat for his mate.
- What did the female wolf want to eat? Fish.
- Where did the male wolf go to get the fish? The river.
- Did the wolf know how to swim? No.
When the wolf reached the river, he saw two otters standing on the bank, also looking for fish.
- When the wolf got to the river, what animals were already there? The otters.
- What did the otters want? Fish.
Soon one of the otters spotted a big fish in the water. He swiftly jumped into the river and caught the fish by its head. But the fish was very strong and was struggling continuously to get out of the otter’s hold. Fearing that he might lose the fish, he called out to his friend for help. The other otter also jumped into the river and held the fish tightly from the tail. Together, they were able to bring the fish to land.
- Did the otters manage to get some fish? Yes.
- Did the first otter manage to get the fish all by himself? No, he asked for his friend’s help.
The first otter said, "This fish is good enough for both of us! Let us divide the fish into two parts."
"I want the half with the head on," said one.
"You cannot have that half. That is mine," said the other. "You can take the tail."
- Were the otters able to divide the fish? No, they were fighting.
- Why were they fighting? Because they both wanted the half with the head on.
The wolf heard the otters arguing over the division of fish and a brilliant idea struck him. He went up to the otters and offered his help to settle the dispute. There was no other way of ending the quarrel, so the otters also readily agreed.
- Who intervened to help divide the fish? The wolf.
- Do you think the wolf is going to help them divide the fish? (Aqui, os alunos devem inferir sobre os motivos pelo qual o lobo foi ajudar as lontras)
The wolf cut off the head and gave it to the first otter, as he had caught the fish by the head. Then he severed the tail of the fish and gave it to the second otter, as he had caught the fish by the tail. Both the otters were anxiously waiting to find out that how the wolf would divide the rest of the fish, just then, quick as the lightening, the cunning wolf quickly ran away with the body of the fish.
- How did the wolf divide the fish? In three parts.
- Which parts did he give each otter? The one who caught the fish got the head and the other got the tail.
- What happened to the middle part? The wolf took it and ran away.
The otters realized that they had been fooled by the wolf. They were full of remorse and said, “If only we had not been greedy and fought with each other, we could have enjoyed a scrumptious meal.”
The wolf was very pleased with himself on fooling the two otters and happily went home with the fish-meat.
Ao final da leitura, faça perguntas que levem os alunos a refletir sobre o texto, como:
- What do you think about the attitude of the wolf? Do you think he was smart? Do you think that was fair?
- What did the otters feel after the wolf ran away with the best part of the fish? What could they have done to prevent it?