Tempo sugerido: 15 minutos
Propósito: Ler uma carta opinativa, identificando os fatos e opiniões nela veiculados
Expectativa: Que os alunos consigam identificar os elementos linguísticos que introduzem fatos e opiniões na carta opinativa
Orientações: Divida os alunos em duplas ou trios e distribua o texto para leitura. Dê um tempo para que os alunos façam a leitura em silêncio. Proponha um momento de leitura com objetivos, ou seja, os alunos deverão ler para responder a determinados questionamentos.
What fact is the author referring to? (Aqui, espera-se que os alunos respondam algo como: he is talking about a news that was published in The Washington Times newspaper on May, 22; he is referring to the recent tax cut proposed by Trump; he is talking about the news “Why liberals hate the Trump tax cut”, that was published in The Washington Times on May, 22; he is referring to Trump’s tax plan)
How could you identify the fact that the author is talking about? (Espera-se que os alunos respondam algo como: he wrote the name of the news and its date of publishing in parenthesis; during the whole text he approaches the fact, that is, the Trump’s tax plan; even in the title we can identify the main thesis of the news he is referring to: tax law; the name of the news he read and is talking about was presented between quotes)
What is the author’s opinion about the published news? (Espera-se que os alunos respondam algo como: he positions himself against the Trump tax plan (I disagree strongly with the latest tax attempt at tax “reform”)
What linguistic tips (verbal resources) introduced the author’s opinion? (Espera-se que os alunos respondam algo como: The use of adverbs to intensify statements (I disagree strongly, But it is worse, In my opinion); lexical choices to give his opinion (Tax law benefits Trump first, during the campaign Donald Trump famously bragged), use of figures of speech (irony - Year after year, he eliminates taxable income by claiming depreciation on his commercial real-estate properties, and doing so is perfectly legal/ metaphor - In my opinion, he changes to the rates were little more than smoke and mirrors to divert attention from Mr. Trump’s real agenda), use of subject pronoun I (I identify as a liberal, so I was interested in what J.T. Young had to say about what he believes I think; In my opinion, he changes to the rates were little more than smoke and mirrors to divert attention from Mr. Trump’s real agenda); use of personal questioning (Third, what happened to trying to balance the budget?) Provavelmente, os alunos não identificarão todos esses aspectos, especialmente a escolha lexical e o uso de figuras de linguagem. Depois que eles responderem ao questionamento proposto, você pode acrescentar informações às respostas dadas por eles, mostrando no texto o mecanismo linguístico utilizado como marca opinativa.